Trabzon, on the northeast coast of Black Sea was ruled by the Romans, Goths, Greeks, Persians and Assyrians. It was occupied by the Byzantines until the the fall of Constantinople in 1453. T grew prospere city expanded and prospered with the passing of camel trains trading silk and spices. View the magnificent 13th-century frescoes of the Hagia Sophia monastery or visit Ataturk’s summer residence in the hills, Ataturk Kosku. Trek through the Altindere National Park, the spectacular setting of the Sumela Monastery perched high above the valley, looking as if it is just stuck on the cliff face.